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Traditional Reference

Candombe


Patron: I'm looking for something about Candombe. Can you help me?
Librarian: Can you tell me what Candombe is?
Patron: Some kind of African music in South America, I think.
Librarian: Okay.

[Librarian goes to work]

Encyclopedia article:
Grove Music Online (now Oxford Music Online)

From Grove:
Candombe
A dance and song genre of Uruguay. The word ‘candombe’ (not to be confused with Brazilian camdomblé) has had various different but related meanings throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. In the colonial era it denoted the musical practices of the black communities; from the 1930s onwards it has described phenomena associated with the llamada (drum call) of the tamboriles, while in modern times it has designated a song whose rhythm is compatible with the drummed llamada so that it can be superimposed over it.
During the 1940s the term had two further meanings: the first as a form conserved by the conjuntos lubolos, black societies in the official Carnival celebrations of Montevideo (together with milongón and other Afro-Brazilian or Afro-Cuban genres); the second is associated with the ‘traditional’, mainly white tango orchestras (especially those of the River Plate), whose repertory – particularly its ‘milonguero’, or festive, aspect – was readily compatible with the drummed rhythms of the llamada of the tamboriles....

 

 

 


[Librarian does more work]

Books (or recordings):
IUCAT keyword All Bloomington Libraries: 27 results

Articles
Academic search: 10 Results
Music index: 6 results
RIPM: 0 results
JSTOR articles: 105 results
AnthroSource: 0 results
MLA: 8 results

OneSearch: 340 results

Sample of the results:

Alberto, Paulina. 2012. "Blackness in the White Nation: A History of Afro-Uruguay." Americas (00031615) no. 68 (3):440-441.

Andrade, Jorge Carrera, and H. R. Hays. 1943. "The New American and His Point of View toward Poetry." Poetry no. 62 (2):88 -105. doi: 10.2307/20583437.

Andrews, George Reid. 1979. "Race versus Class Association: The Afro-Argentines of Buenos Aires, 1850-1900." Journal of Latin American Studies no. 11 (1):19-39. doi: 10.2307/156406.

———. 2007. "RECORDANDO ÁFRICA AL INVENTAR URUGUAY: SOCIEDADES DE NEGROS EN EL CARNAVAL DE MONTEVIDEO, 1865-1930. (Spanish)." REMEMBERING AFRICA, INVENTING URUGUAY: SOCIEDADES DE NEGROS IN THE MONTEVIDEO CARNIVAL, 1865-1930. (English) (26):86-104.

———. 2007. "Remembering Africa, Inventing Uruguay: Sociedades de Negros in the Montevideo Carnival, 1865-1930." Hispanic American Historical Review no. 87 (4):693-726. doi: 10.1215/00182168-2007-040.

———. 2010. "Afro-World: African-Diaspora Thought and Practice in Montevideo, Uruguay y 1830-2000." The Americas no. 67 (1):83-107. doi: 10.2307/40665027.

Andrews, Oscar Alvarez. 1949. "Aspectos Sociológicos del Lenguaje Popular." Revista Mexicana de Sociología no. 11 (2):169- 195. doi: 10.2307/3537915.