Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

ANTH B301 Laboratory Methods in Bioanthropology

Created Spring 2015. Updated fall 2016.

Citing Sources in AJPA style

Citation involves properly crediting the authors of information sources used in a paper or presentation. Remember to cite not only text-based sources, but also images, video, and other media.

AJPA coverFor this class, you will use the citation style that anthropologists use in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology (AJPA). The AJPA Guide for Authors gives the following examples:

Journal article
Trinkaus E, Churchill SE, Ruff CB. 1994. Postcranial robusticity in Homo. II: humeral bilateral asymmetry and bone plasticity. Am J Phys Anthropol 93:1–34.

Bogin B. 2001. The growth of humanity. New York: Wiley-Liss.

Book chapter
Gruner O. 1993. Identification of skulls: A historical review and practical applications. In: Iscan MY, Helmer RP, editors. Forensic analysis of the skull. New York: Wiley-Liss. p 29–45.

See more examples from AJPA under their preparing a submission instructions. Abbreviations of journal titles should follow those used in Index Medicus, available via PubMed at

AJPA style is based on the APA style. This Quick Guide to APA Style may be helpful. You may choose the APA option in any preformatted citation service.

Citation Managers

Citation managers format references in the style you choose (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago).

IU students have free access to several citation managers (i.e., "bibliographic software").

NOTE: Always check the accuracy of citations created through these tools. They can be very helpful, but may make mistakes.

Citation Managers at IU