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A Guide for Music Citation - Chicago/Turabian Style

This guide supports music students by providing examples and tips for Chicago/Turabian style citation. It covers all types of music sources, including texts, scores, and recordings.

How to Use This Guide

To find citation information for specific source types, click one of the tabs on the left. All of the examples show a citation in footnote format (labeled F) and in bibliography format (labeled B). If you are using endnotes instead of footnotes, the same citation rules will apply.

Many of the guidelines for book citations will apply to other sources as well. You may need to consult both the book guidelines and the guidelines for your specific source.

What is Citation

Citations tell your readers where you found your information and give credit to the authors whose ideas you're using. You must cite all sources you use when writing a paper, creating a presentation, etc. Not citing your sources is a form of plagiarism. More information on plagiarism

In Chicago/Turabian style, you will cite your sources two ways:

  1. In a note (footnote or endnote). You reference a note directly in your text to show readers exactly what information you found in which sources. Notes may also be used to provide additional information that you don't wish to include in the main text.
  2. In a bibliography. The bibliography collects all of your sources in one place, allowing readers to easily see every source you consulted.

The Sources

Citations in this guide are based on The Chicago Manual of Style and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers. Consult these volumes for more detailed information.

Chicago Manual of Style cover photo

The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Access available online for IU Bloomington users







Turabian's "A Manual for Writers" cover image

Turabian, Kate. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 8th edition. Revised by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the University of Chicago Press editorial staff. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Available in the Music Library reference section. Call number: LB2369 .T921 2013