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The IU Bloomington Libraries' Philosophy collection supports research and teaching in all branches of philosophy.

Land Acknowledgment

Indiana University and the city of Bloomington occupy lands of enduring historical and cultural significance, and that for some was, is, and will always be home, to a number of Indigenous groups, including the Myaamiaki (Miami), Lënape (Delaware), Saawanwa (Shawnee), kiikaapoa (Kickapoo), and Neshnabé/Bodwéwadmik (Potawatomi) peoples. We honor and acknowledge the ancestral and contemporary caretakers of this place, as well as our nonhuman spirits, elders, and guides, offer gratitude for being held and nourished by the land, and recognize the inherent sovereignty and resilience of all Native communities who have survived and still thrive to this day on Turtle Island in spite of the systemic subjugation, dispossession, and genocide that constitute the ongoing reality of settler-colonialism.

We encourage all, settlers and guests alike, to look beyond acknowledgement and engage with local Indigenous communities while also cultivating thoughtful relations of reciprocity with the sacred land you live on, as well as the many vibrant beings with whom you share it. 

Further Resources & Reading

If you'd like to learn more about the practice and history of indigenous land acknowledgments, consult the resources below. You can also navigate to our full resource guide.

Preliminary Resources

Guides & Toolkits

Critical Takes

To learn more about the tribes, nations, and communities with ties to this land colonially known as the state of Indiana, check out their websites and consider supporting them in an ongoing way however you can:

Myaamiaki (Miami)

Lënape (Delaware)

Saawanwa (Shawnee)

Kiikaapoa (Kickapoo)

Neshnabé/Bodwéwadmik (Potawatomi)


The field of philosophy is often (mis)perceived as an anglo- and eurocentric discipline, dominated by certain voices and a distinctively Western perspective. Indigenous forms of knowledge, methodologies, and worldviews, in all their diversity and complexity, however, have existed for millennia, thriving outside the academy and other institutional spaces and engaging with life, experience, and the nature of reality in unexpected and exciting ways. These tributaries of thought, flowing within and across Native communities, subvert dominant paradigms and ideals of philosophical thought and challenge us to consider other ways of knowing and understanding the world.

In this guide, and in recognition of National Native American Heritage Month, we have attempted to outline and highlight the many books, articles, and individuals that comprise and who have contributed to Indigenous philosophy and thought across time.

Further Resources & Reading
Indigenous Philosophies (Philosophy Now)
Native American Philosophy (Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy)
Newsletter on Native American and Indigenous Philosophy (American Philosophical Association)
Indigenous Research and Professional Philosophy in the U.S. (Political Philosopher Blog)

Next Steps
If you'd like to learn more about this month-long celebration of Indigenous communities and identity, we've created a guide with list of resources, as well as a playlist featuring Indigenous musicians, on the Media Studies Research Guide. There is also an introduction to Two-Spirit identity and the LGBTQIA Indigenous experience on the Gender Studies Research Guide.

For more information about the Indigenous communities with ongoing and traditional ties to this land, and how to support Indigenous groups and movements, take a look at our Land Acknowledgment and Local Indigenous Resources guide.

Prominent Indigenous Philosophers

A selection of Native American/First Nations philosophers, primarily from Turtle Island, along with a summary of their research areas and interests:

  • Kyle Whyte (Potawatomi Nation), Michigan State University - environmental justice, climate policy and indigenous people, indigenous perspectives on food sovereignty and the anthropocene
  • Anne Waters (Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Chickasaw heritage), State University of New York - indigenous thought, indigenous feminism, native american studies, experiences of native people in the justice system
  • Brian Y. Burkhat (Cherokee Nation), University of Oklahoma - native american philosophy, philosphy of race, latinx philosophy
  • Andrea Sullivan-Clarke (Muskogee Nation), University of Washington - philosophy of science, social dimensions of knowledge creation, indigenous identity and sovereignty, mixed race identity and knowledge production
  • Taiaiake Alfred (Mohawk (Kanien’kehá:ka)) - native nationalism, indigenous sovereignty and liberation
  • Glen Coulthard (Yellowknives Dene (T'atsaot'ine)), University of British Columbia - native/indigenous studies, political theory, indigenous self-determination, critical indigenous philosophy
  • Lee Hester (Choctaw Nation), University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma - native american epistemologies, political theory, indigenous sovereignty
  • Jeannette Armstrong (Sylix Okanagan), University of British Columbia - indigenous knowledge and philosophy, oral histories and thought traditions, indigenous rights, indigenous language preservation and fluencies
  • Shay Welch (Cherokee), Spelman College - embodied critical inquiry, native american epistemologies, feminist ethics, dance, systemic oppression, indigenous philosophy
  • David Martinez (Akimel O'odham/Hia Ced O'odham/Mexican), Arizona State University - indigenous intellectual history, o'odham culture and politics, transborder indigenous nations, indigenous art history and aesthetics
  • Shelbi Nahwilet Meissner (Luiseño (La Jolla), Cupeño), Georgetown University - indigenous philosophy, philosophy of language, feminist epistemology, philosophy of race
  • Wayne Wapeemukwa (Métis), Pennsylvania State University - Social and Political Philosophy (esp. Marxism and Critical Theory), Indigenous and Decolonial Theories, 19th - 20th century Continental Philosophy, Decolonizing Pedagogy 

Featured Interviews

Kyle Whyte on Climate Justice and Decolonizing Climate Science

Taiaiake Alfred on Indigenous Governance

Shelbi Nahwilet Meissner on Ancestors, Archives, and Intergenerational Knowledge Transmission

Wayne Wapeemukwa on Stories of Scrip


Selected Scholarly Articles