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EDUC U212 Issues in Undergraduate Life

Cite Sources: Page Contents

Remember all your sources must be cited. This includes images and video.
Assignments for this course require APA style citation.

What Is Citation?

Citation involves properly crediting the authors of information sources used in a paper or presentation. 

Different disciplines use certain citation styles. Use one of the style guides to the right for the citation guidelines you need.

APA Citation Resources

Always cite your sources. Follow these Quick Style Guides or the complete style manuals.

Quick Style Guides

Full Style Manual

APA Citation Examples

In-Text Citation Examples

Known Author: (Smith, 2000, p. 123)
Example: The author found that cars go fast (Smith, 2000, p. 123).

Unknown Author: ("Using APA," 2001)
example: A similar study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using APA," 2001).


Reference List

Electronic Journal Article:
Smith, A. B., & Jones, C. D. (2005). Volunteer support of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24(2), 225-229. doi:10.1122/333444555666777

Print Journal:
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.

Book:
Smith, A. (2000). Cars go fast. New York, NY: Good Publishing, Inc.


*Examples taken from the Purdue OWL site and IU's APA Style: A Quick Guide. 

Quoting vs. Paraphrasing

Many of your assignments require use of both direct quotes and paraphrases.
Both quotes and paraphrases must be cited. 


Direct quotes are word-for-word quotations.
Cite them with quotation marks and an in-text citation

   e.g., The Gettyburg Address opens "Four score and seven years ago" (Lincoln, 1863, p. #). 

Paraphrases restate someone else's ideas in your own words.
Cite with an in-text citation.

   e.g., The Gettysburg Address opens by looking to past decades (Lincoln, 1863, p. #).