Experiment with keywords and related terms relevant to your topic.
(Tip: Remember databases generally include more formal language.)
A concept map like the one below can help in generating search terms.
Identify key search terms based on your research question.
Identify effective search terms for database and web resources. (From Portland State University.)
A keyword expresses a central concept or idea about a topic. When you search Google, you are keyword searching.
When searching library resources like databases, be more selective with keywords. Begin with a small number of terms, and avoid long phrases.
To Identify Keywords...
1. Identify the major concepts of your topic.
Example topic: the environmental consequences of fracking
2. Develop keywords related to the major concepts of your topic.
Concept 1: Fracking
Concept 2: Environmental consequences
Natural gas drilling
Note: Databases can be picky about search terms. Identify synonyms for your concepts, and consider the words likely used in the database. See the tips below for more on identifying keywords.
Effective Keyword Searching:
Concision: Begin with only 2-3 terms, and avoid long phrases. The more terms you enter the fewer results you’ll get.
Keyword Search in OneSearch@IU:
fracking environment: 2,472 results
Synonyms: If your first term doesn’t work, try a synonym.
(Example: environment INSTEAD OF environmental consequences)
Background research: To identify useful keywords, do some quick background research. Note terms that are often used to discuss the topic.
(Reference sources like Wikipedia or the library databases Encyclopaedia Britannica and Credo Reference offer overviews of many topics. Of course, remember to evaluate information in Wikipedia with particular care.)
Database search results: Do a quick database search and view the search results page to identify relevant terms.
Subject Terms can help you identify effective keywords. Most databases list Subjects in their search results.
For example, in OneSearch:
1. Do an initial search.
2. Under Refine Search click on Subject.
The Search Strategy Builder is a tool designed to teach you how to create a search string using Boolean logic. While it is not a database and is not designed to input a search, you should be able to cut and paste the results into most databases’ search boxes.